AFFF Firefighting Foam Lawsuit

Our lawyers are handling AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits around the country.

This page provides the most recent news and updates on the AFFF firefighting foam class action lawsuit and our prediction of the settlement amounts plaintiffs with AFFF cancer lawsuits can expect to receive. You will not get more updated news on the AFFF litigation anywhere else.

Our AFFF firefighting foam lawyers believe the defendants will settle most of these lawsuits in 2024.  Why? They will follow the same pattern as the water contamination lawsuits they settled for billions of dollars.

In those cases, we saw the defendants’ apparent preference for settlement over the uncertainties of a trial.  This makes sense; the AFFF lawsuits are strong cases.

This suggests that they are likely to follow a similar path in the firefighting foam lawsuits to avoid the potential of incredibly high jury payouts. As we discuss below, we are moving towards trials in individual firefighting foam cases, and our attorneys think that pressure will lead to an AFFF settlement in 2024 or early 2025.

Latest AFFF Class Action Lawsuit Update (2024)

July 17, 2024: New Strategy Aims To Reduce Burden On Court

Lawyers for victims have made a great proposal to push the AFFF lawsuits along. They suggest selecting kidney and testicular cancer cases from Pennsylvania and thyroid disease and ulcerative colitis cases from Colorado. This strategy aims to reduce the burden on the court and parties by focusing on specific sites and minimizing the number of required depositions, expert reports, and evidence.

To settle these lawsuits, we need as many trial dates as possible. The defendants will oppose this, but it will be transparent that they just want to stall moving forward with trials.

July 11, 2024: Former Georgia Firefighter Files AFFF Lawsuit

A new AFFF lawsuit was filed yesterday on behalf of a Georgia man who was diagnosed with kidney cancer.  He was a firefighter who served in the United States Navy at Memphis Naval Station in Memphis, Tennessee, from 1989 through 2023.

During his service, the plaintiff routinely used Class B foam and wore firefighting gear (turnouts) that contained PFAS-containing materials.  As a result of prolonged exposure to PFAS, the plaintiff has been diagnosed with kidney cancer and is currently receiving treatment for this condition. The lawsuit alleges that the use of PFAS-containing materials in firefighting activities led to his kidney cancer.

July 9, 2024: Air Force Replaces AFFF Stocks

The Department of the Air Force is replacing its stocks of AFFF with a new fluorine-free formulation (F3) to eliminate the use of PFAS in firefighting activities.

The initiative, part of a broader Defense Department effort, has allocated $8.55 million to purchase over 270,000 gallons of F3. The transition started with overseas installations and has now reached U.S. bases.

July 1, 2024: Significant Increase In Active AFFF Lawsuits

The AFFF case count showed a significant increase in active lawsuits, from 8,270 in June to 9,198.

One of those new lawsuits naming the usual cast of characters was filed on Friday.  In that case, a resident of Caneyville, Kentucky, has filed a lawsuit alleging severe personal injuries, including thyroid disease, as a result of exposure to AFFF.

The plaintiff was a volunteer and contract firefighter since 2015 at various fire departments in Florida and Kentucky claims that his thyroid disease and subsequent pain, suffering, and emotional distress were directly caused by these products. His exposure occurred during his service at the Greater Naples Fire Rescue, Caneyville Volunteer Fire Department, and Irvington Fire Department. The complaint emphasizes the (pretty obvious) link between PFAS-containing AFFF products and thyroid cancer.

June 27, 2024: New Study Provides New Tool For AFFF Lawsuits

A new study helps us better understand how PFAS interact with human skin. The researchers utilized in vitro 3D human skin equivalent models to analyze the absorption of 17 different PFAS when applied to the skin. They found that shorter-chain PFAS had higher absorption rates and that absorption decreased with increasing carbon chain length of the compounds.

Notably, while longer-chain PFAS were not absorbed directly into the skin, a substantial portion of these chemicals was retained within the skin tissue, which could potentially be released into the body over time. The study also highlighted the influence of physicochemical properties on the dermal permeation of PFAS, showing a clear inverse correlation between the lipophilicity of the substances and their absorption through the skin.

For plaintiffs’ experts in AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits, this study provides a potent new tool. The detailed analysis of PFAS absorption through the skin confirms that dermal exposure to these chemicals can contribute significantly to the body burden of PFAS.

This is particularly relevant in cases where plaintiffs have been exposed to firefighting foams containing PFAS. It provides a scientifically supported pathway of exposure that can link PFAS-containing products directly to all of the problems these firefighters are having. This evidence strengthens claims that manufacturers like 3M should have known about and warned against the risks associated with dermal exposure to PFAS.

June 23, 2024: Former Alabama Firefighter Joins MDL

A new firefighting foam lawsuit was filed on Friday in the MDL on behalf of an Alabama man.  A career firefighter, he regularly used and was directly exposed to AFFF. As a result of this exposure, Plaintiff alleges was diagnosed with leukemia.

June 3, 2024: 250 New MDL Cases In May 

Over 250 new cases were added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL during the month of May. That is slightly less than the number of new cases we saw last month. There are now 8,270 total cases pending in the MDL.

May 16, 2024: AFFF Lawyers Drill Down On Six Specific Conditions

Our AFFF lawyers are now drilling down on six specific conditions: kidney cancer, testicular cancer, thyroid disease/hypothyroidism, ulcerative colitis, liver cancer, and thyroid cancer.

May 14, 2024: “Tag-Along” Cases Join AFFF MDL

 6 new “tag-along” cases from other federal districts were transferred into the AFFF firefighting foam MDL this week. Half of those cases are water contamination claims and the other half are personal injury cases.

May 7, 2024: Rough Outline Set Forth For Schedules And Procedures

CMO 26C directed the parties to devise a process for selecting plaintiffs for initial personal injury and wrongful death bellwether trials and preparing for those trials. Last night, the parties set forth a rough outline of the procedures and schedules for selecting and managing two groups of plaintiffs from a pool of 25 alleging four types of injuries:

  1. kidney cancer
  2. testicular cancer
  3. thyroid disease
  4. ulcerative colitis.

It sets forth a staggered schedule for discovery, expert testimony, motion practice, and trial preparations for these groups, aiming to efficiently handle the complex issues and extensive negotiations involved in the litigation.
Here is the schedule:

Proposed Dates for Case Management Order 26D
Event Group A Dates Group B Dates
Extension of Tier 1 Discovery June 4, 2024 to June 18, 2024 N/A
Proposals for Bellwether Trial Pool Composition By July 2, 2024 By July 2, 2024
Additional Fact Discovery (Tier 2 Discovery) July 16, 2024 to October 16, 2024 July 16, 2024 to December 16, 2024
Plaintiffs’ Expert Witness Exchanges By November 15, 2024 By May 12, 2025
Defendants’ Expert Witness Exchanges By December 20, 2024 By June 16, 2025
Plaintiffs’ Rebuttal Expert Witness Exchanges By January 10, 2025 By June 30, 2025
Completion of Expert Depositions By February 14, 2025 By July 31, 2025
Summary Judgment/Daubert Motions Filed By March 6, 2025 N/A
Responses to Motions By April 3, 2025 N/A
Replies in Support of Motions By April 17, 2025 N/A

May 6, 2024: CMO Proposal Submission Deadline Arrives 

 Today is the new deadline for AFFF foam lawyers on both sides to submit their proposals for a Case Management Order regarding Tier 2 Personal Injury Bellwether proceedings. This follows two granted extensions from the original deadlines.

A lot of people are eager to see which diseases will make it into Tier 2.

May 1, 2024: AFFF MDL Sees Steady Growth 

The AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL continues to grow fairly steadily. During the month of April, 323 new AFFF cases were added to the MDL. That is down from the 568 new cases that were added in March, but it is still significant growth. It also pushes the total number of pending cases in the MDL past 8,000.

April 10, 2024: Joint Motion Requests CMO Deadline Extension

AFFF lawyers on both sides submitted a joint motion requesting a brief extension for the submission of a proposed Case Management Order. This request pertains specifically to the Tier 2 Personal Injury Bellwether proceedings.

According to the requirements set forth in CMO #26(C), the parties involved are obligated to present a proposed Case Management Order related to Tier 2 Personal Injury Bellwether proceedings. This submission is due no later than eight weeks prior to the conclusion of the Tier 1 Discovery period, with the current deadline being yesterday.

The motion jointly filed by the parties seeks an additional fifteen days beyond the original deadline, proposing a new deadline of April 24, 2024, for the submission of the proposed Case Management Order. The request for this extension stems from a mutual desire among the parties to negotiate and potentially reach a consensus on the terms and conditions outlined within the proposed order, aimed at guiding the subsequent Tier 2 Personal Injury Bellwether proceedings.

Normally, plaintiffs’ attorneys oppose all delays in the AFFF personal injury and wrongful death claims. However, this will not impede or alter any existing deadlines within the litigation timeline. The extension is sought purely to enhance the quality and feasibility of the agreement regarding the Tier 2 proceedings without affecting the progression of other scheduled milestones in the case.

April 9, 2024: Insurance Companies Claim They Shouldn’t Have To Cover AFFF Manufacturer 

Insurance makes settlements easier for everyone.  But insurance companies are always fighting for coverage. Two AIG insurance groups, Lexington Insurance, and National Union Fire Insurance, alongside Century Indemnity Co., have told a court in Delaware that they shouldn’t have to cover Kidde-Fenwal Inc. (KFI) for lawsuits blaming KFI for harmful chemical exposure from their firefighting foam. The AIG teams say KFI needs to go through arbitration—a kind of private court—to see if a certain “pollution exclusion” in their contract means they don’t have to pay. Century Indemnity argues that the lawsuits happened outside the time they were supposed to provide insurance, so they shouldn’t have to pay either.

KFI, which is trying to protect itself from over $1 billion in claims through Chapter 11 (a type of bankruptcy), wanted coverage from more than 30 insurers for these lawsuits. When the AIG groups mentioned a pollution exclusion, KFI countered, saying their contract only talks about figuring out what the pollution exclusion means, not whether it applies here. KFI believes this fight over the contract should be sorted out by the bankruptcy court, not by arbitration.

However, the AIG groups hit back, saying it doesn’t matter how “narrow” the arbitration agreement seems; issues like these are meant for arbitrators to solve. They point out that to even discuss whether this pollution exclusion applies, you need to interpret its terms first. On another front, Century Indemnity’s argument hangs on whether the foam was made only after 1973. They say KFI can’t show it was made earlier, when their insurance was supposed to be in effect. They stress that the complaints don’t clearly say when National Foam, KFI’s earlier version, started making the foam, showing KFI hasn’t made a strong enough case to claim insurance for that period.

April 4, 2024: Joint Motion Seeks To Streamline Management Of Diseases Not Covered By CMO 26

From the start of this litigation, there has been debate over which diseases belong in the AFFF litigation.

Right now, it is free for all.  Understandably. Because the science is still evolving. But at some point very soon, the field needs to narrow, and there needs to be a plan to deal fairly with those cases that do not make the cut for the MDL, even though they very well may be viable claims.

A joint motion filed today in the firefighting foam lawsuit aims to streamline the management and adjudication of individual personal injury cases not covered under Case Management Order (CMO) 26. Specifically, it seeks to:

  1. Identify diseases linked to AFFF exposure not covered in CMO 26 for both parties to the present peer-reviewed studies supporting or disputing these diseases’ association with AFFF by set deadlines.
  2. Facilitate a Science Day, where experts will present evidence regarding the claimed disease associations without the involvement of counsel in questioning, ensuring a focused, scientific examination of the claims. Frustratingly, for all of this talk of Science Day, we do not have a date for Science Day.  All of the deadlines are predicated on Science Day.  So the most important thing about this event is that it happens.
  3. Discuss the selection of bellwether cases for diseases identified, aiming to follow an agreed order or, failing that, competing proposals to be submitted 60 days post-Science Day.  This is what gets us trial dates and puts real pressure on the defendants to settle.
  4. Convene to outline plans for Daubert and dispositive motions, incorporating these strategies into the CMO for the identified diseases.
  5. Impose specific requirements on plaintiffs asserting claims not listed or covered by previous CMOs, providing a structured timeline for either dismissing these “unlisted claims” without prejudice or advancing them by submitting comprehensive medical records and expert reports within specified periods. It puts some pressure on the plaintiffs to produce experts and such, but it will also protect them from statute of limitations problems when their cases are dismissed so they can refile.

I remain convinced that the defendants will do what it takes to avoid these cases going to trial. So what we need is a trial date.

April 3, 2024: Massachusetts Judge Approves IAFF Lawsuit Against NFPA

In non-MDL AFFF news, a Massachusetts judge has ruled that the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) can move forward with its lawsuit against the National Fire Protection Association Inc. (NFPA). This nonprofit develops fire safety codes and standards.

The IAFF’s lawsuit, filed last year, alleges that NFPA’s standards require fire gear manufacturers to use carcinogenic chemicals, such as polytetrafluoroethylene and other PFAS substances, which are especially harmful when heated. The court found sufficient grounds for the claims of unfair or deceptive practices and negligence, emphasizing that NFPA had chosen testing methods that fail to show the dangers of PFAS under heat.

April 1, 2024: 568 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

Last month, 568 new cases were added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL. That is the highest monthly volume of new cases that we have seen in this MDL in over a year. There are now 7,738 total pending cases in the MDL.

March 21, 2024: New CMO Outlines Path To Science Day

 New CMO #28 sets a schedule for both parties to identify and share scientific studies related to AFFF diseases other than those in the contaminated water lawsuits and a path to a Science Day.

What would an AFFF Science Day look like?  A “Science Day” in the context of firefighting foam cancer lawsuits is an educational briefing for the MDL judge. This non-trial, non-hearing event is designed to elucidate the scientific and medical principles relevant to the litigation, which consolidates numerous lawsuits alleging that exposure to certain chemicals in firefighting foam caused cancer among firefighters and others.

During Science Day, experts from both parties are heard on topics such as the foam’s chemical composition, its potential carcinogenic effects, epidemiological studies, and other scientific evidence related to the case.

The purpose is to equip the judge with a solid understanding of the complex scientific matters that underpin the litigation, aiding in informed decision-making regarding expert testimony and other science-related legal issues.

So first, the plaintiffs must list the diseases they assert are linked to exposure. Following this, a series of deadlines have been established for both parties to exchange peer-reviewed articles supporting or disputing the associations between these diseases and the substance. The process culminates in a science day.

The CMO also discusses the selection of bellwether cases, setting a deadline of 60 days post-Science Day to propose how these representative cases will be chosen, guided by previous court directives.

The take-home message of all of this?  We are not getting AFFF lawsuit trial dates in 2024.

March 19, 2024: AFFF Litigation Focus Shifts To Personal Injury Cases

 As we head into the spring of 2024, the focus of the AFFF litigation is finally starting to shift from the water contamination cases to the personal injury cases. Evidence has linked AFFF exposure to several types of cancer, but the two cancer types with the strongest causal connection to AFFF appear to be testicular cancer and kidney cancer. These are expected to be the highest-value claims in any AFFF settlement.

See our videos for more updates and information about these two types of cases and when we expect a settlement:

March 6, 2024: Court Focuses More On Turnout Gear Claims

We have not talked much about the turnout gear PFAS claims.  As the court becomes more focused on these claims, let’s take a closer look.

The case against the manufacturers of turnout gear involves allegations that exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), which are chemicals used in the manufacturing of the protective clothing worn by firefighters, has led to various health issues, including cancer and other illnesses.

Firefighter turnout gear, also known as protective gear, is designed to shield firefighters from heat, flames, and chemical exposure during firefighting operations. So plaintiffs contend that the turnout gear, which contains PFAS, has exposed them to harmful chemicals, leading to adverse health effects such as cancer, liver damage, thyroid disease, and other injuries.

A new court order, Case Management Order No. 5F, establishes procedures for the creation, submission, and management of Plaintiff Fact Sheets specific to cases involving claims related to firefighter turnout gear.

The order mandates the creation of a specific Plaintiff Fact Sheet (PFS) tailored for cases involving claims against manufacturers of firefighter turnout gear. This is a new requirement for plaintiffs who are making these claims to fill out this fact sheet.

March 1, 2024: 176 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

Despite the settlement deal that resolved most of the water contamination cases last Summer, the AFFF class action MDL remains very hot. Last month, 176 new cases were added to the MDL, pushing the current total case count above 7,000.

February 26, 2024: Former Nevada Firefighter Joins MDL

A new firefighting foam lawsuit was transferred into the MDL last week.  A Nevada man who was a state-certified firefighter was exposed to AFFF from 1992 to 1997.  He was diagnosed with bladder cancer in 2021.  His AFFF lawsuit, filed in Nevada state court, has been removed to the MDL.

February 25, 2024: New Research Links Elevated PFAS Levels To Diets

New research indicates that diets high in processed meats, butter, and other foods could contribute to elevated levels of PFAS, known as “forever chemicals,” in the bloodstream over time. The study highlights a variety of food items, including teas, pork, candy, sports drinks, chips, and bottled water, as potential contributors to increased PFAS levels. Additionally, it was observed that individuals consuming more takeout or restaurant-prepared food tend to have higher PFAS blood levels.

February 23, 2024: Chemical Manufacturers Seek To Transfer Lawsuit To Federal Court

Chemical manufacturers 3M, Chemguard, and Tyco Fire Products are seeking to transfer a lawsuit initiated by the Connecticut attorney general to federal court. The lawsuit aims to limit the use of PFAS chemicals, which the state has labeled a “toxic menace to human health.” The companies argue that their production of aqueous film-forming foam, implicated in PFAS contamination, was conducted under strict U.S. military specifications, including the requirement of PFAS compounds like PFOA and PFOS. They contend that the complexities of the case and their role as government contractors supplying a critical product necessitate a federal venue, leveraging the government contractor defense.

Setting aside the merits of whether this case belongs in state or federal court, this case should not be added to the AFFF MDL.  We need more focus on the firefighting foam lawsuits, not less.

February 16, 2024: Plaintiff’s Lawyers and BASF Enter Into Tolling Agreement

Plaintiffs’ lawyers and BASF entered into a tolling agreement this week in nine AFFF cases.

What is a tolling agreement?  A tolling agreement is a legal arrangement where parties agree to suspend or extend the statute of limitations on a claim, essentially pausing the countdown that limits the time to bring a lawsuit. In the context of an MDL, tolling agreements are often used to streamline pretrial proceedings by allowing parties to focus on negotiations or settlement discussions without the pressure of impending deadlines, ensuring that claims are not dismissed due to the expiration of statutory time limits while the MDL process is ongoing.

February 8, 2024: Diseases Most Tied To AFFF

As we get (hopefully) closer to the finish line, we want to bring some clarity on which diseases we think are best linked to AFFF.  Here are the firefighting foam lawsuits we think the science best supports, along with the strongest cases in terms of exposure:

Injury Minimum Time Between First Exposure and Diagnosis  5 or More Exposures Over This Time Period
Kidney Cancer 15 years (less for aggressive types of cancer) 5 years
Testicular Cancer 15 years (less for aggressive types of cancer) 5 years
Thyroid Disease: Hypo and Hyperthyroidism, Hashimoto’s disease 2 years 2 years
Ulcerative Colitis 2 years 2 years

Of course, it does not have to fit perfectly into this criterion.  I’m just trying to give you an idea of what we think are the most compelling facts and patterns in this litigation.

The evidence is incredibly strong in these cases.  I would bet on a first-year lawyer with a basic understanding of the rules of evidence at trial over the best lawyer 3M and DuPont have to offer in one of these cases.

Behind these claims are pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, male breast cancer, bladder cancer, and liver cancer.  We are actively taking these cases and think they are strong enough to go to trial and we think plaintiffs will win these cases in front of a jury.  That should induce meaningful settlements in these lawsuits.

We think other types of cancer may also receive AFFF compensation payouts when there is a settlement. Because of the severity of the injury, you may also receive higher compensation in the second tier than the first tier in some cases.

February 5, 2024: 3M Co.’s Proposal To Settle With Public Water Systems Praised By Federal Judge

The federal judge overseeing the case praised the effort leading to 3M Co.’s proposal to settle with public water systems for at least $10.5 billion, addressing liability concerns and aiding approximately 12,000 public water systems in removing PFAS contaminants.

Why this is relevant in the AFFF lawsuits is because of the judge’s interest in the fear of 3M’s potential bankruptcy due to the magnitude and scope of PFAS claims. We will see these concerns again in settlement negotiations in the AFFF personal injury and wrongful death firefighting foam lawsuits.  3M used the fear of bankruptcy in negotiations in the earplug litigation and will play this card again as the parties get closer to a settlement in this litigation.  3M has about one-fifth of the value it had in 2018.  But it is still worth $50 billion, and that is a lot of billions.  It can pay its fair share of an AFFF settlement.

February 2, 2024: 279 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

There were 279 new cases added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL during January, bringing the total number of pending cases up to 6,994.  AFFF lawyers are looking to get cases filed quickly to be in the best position for a settlement.

January 30, 2023: Case Management Conference To Take Place Come March

The next Case Management Conference is on March 1, 2024.  You are not alone if this litigation needs to move faster. Still, lawyers remain bullish on settlement prospects this year.  If you have a claim, you want to bring it now so there is time to process it before a settlement.

January 15, 2024: 88 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

Since the last monthly counting period, 88 new cases have been added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL. That makes AFFF the only mass tort MDL that added many new cases over the holiday season. There are now 6,715 total pending cases.

January 1, 2024: MDL Judge Grants Joint Motion

The MDL judge recently granted a joint motion to extend the deadline for the parties to meet and confer regarding an ongoing discovery dispute and a motion to compel to January 31, 2024.

December 19, 2023: 227 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

227 new cases were added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL over the last 30 days. That brings the current number of pending cases in the MDL up to 6,627, with a large segment of those being water contamination cases that have already been settled.

December 12, 2023: AFFF Lawyers Submit Joint Motion Memorializing Personal Injury Bellwether Discovery Pool

AFFF lawyers jointly submitted a motion memorializing the Initial Personal Injury Bellwether Discovery Pool this morning. The pool consists of twenty-five plaintiffs. This group includes five individuals claiming kidney cancer, eight alleging testicular cancer, eight with claims of hypothyroidism/thyroid disease, and four asserting cases of ulcerative colitis.

This agreement is part of a bellwether discovery process designed to push toward AFFF personal injury and wrongful death trials. The parties have agreed to waive their Lexecon rights, which we explain in our December 5th update below, specifically for these selected cases, a waiver that applies only to the individual plaintiff selected as a Personal Injury Tier One Plaintiff.

December 6, 2023: Judge Gergel Takes Closer Look At AFFF Lawsuit Illnesses 

Judge Gergel is taking a closer look at the current inventory of AFFF lawsuits, looking to figure out where this litigation is going and what the scope of the cancers attributable to firefighting foam will ultimately be. The majority of these personal injury and wrongful death claims in the AFFF class action lawsuit are related to illnesses beyond the four conditions currently under the court’s review: kidney cancer, testicular cancer, hypothyroidism, thyroid disease, and ulcerative colitis.

To assess the legitimacy of these additional cases, Judge Gergel has directed several actions to be completed within 60 days, including cataloging all plaintiff cases alleging diseases other than the four specified, submitting all peer-reviewed scientific studies regarding the association with other diseases, and planning a ‘science day’ for experts to debate the purported links between these other diseases and exposure to AFFF-contaminated water.

December 5, 2023: MDL Judge Issues Case Management Order 26B To Help Kickstart The Path To Trial 

The MDL judge issued Case Management Order #CMO 26B yesterday, which will help kickstart the path to trial and hopefully kickstart the path to a global AFFF settlement next year.  Here’s a simplified explanation:

The main point of CMO 26B is to outline how to choose certain plaintiffs (the people who are suing) for a group called the “Initial Personal Injury Bellwether Discovery Pool.” This group is important because the cases in it help us understand how the rest of the similar cases might go. Big verdicts lead to larger settlements, so getting the right cases to trial first is critical.

By December 11, 2023, the parties involved in the lawsuit (both the plaintiffs and the defendants) need to give the court a list. This list should include:

The lawyers represent the plaintiffs.

All the defendants in each case, along with their lawyers.

Confirmation that everyone agrees to waive their “Lexecon,” right? What is a Lexecon waiver? A Lexecon waiver refers to a legal agreement where parties in a class action lawsuit voluntarily give up their right to have their case returned to the original court for trial. This waiver allows the case to be tried in the court where the MDL class action is consolidated, in this case, South Carolina.

A summary of what injury or injuries the plaintiff claims to have and where the exposure or incident occurred

References to legal documents (like the plaintiff’s complaint and the defendant’s defense statements).

If there’s disagreement about including a certain plaintiff in this group, both sides need to explain why they think that plaintiff should or should not be included.

The court will pick 28 plaintiffs from this list in the “Initial Personal Injury Bellwether Discovery Pool.” These selected cases will follow specific rules mentioned in other parts of the CMO.

From there, we go to “Tier 1 Discovery,” where both sides use pretrial discovery—depositions, requests for documents, etc.—to obtain more information from the other side.

AFFF lawyers will discuss and agree on how to do this and report back to the court next week.

December 1, 2023: AFFF MDL Focus Remains On Telomer Water Provider Cases

The focus in the AFFF class action MDL remains on a subgroup of water contamination cases called the Telomer water provider cases. All of the recent orders and rulings in the MDL relate to this subgroup of cases that were not covered by the water contamination settlement in August. Unfortunately, this means that the remaining individual cancer cases will likely get pushed back.

November 28, 2023: Three “Suggestion Of Death” Notices Filed In AFFF MDL

Water contamination lawsuits have frustratingly dominated the AFFF class action docket over the last few weeks. Highlighting the severe consequences of delay, three “Suggestion of Death” notices were filed in the MDL, indicating that three plaintiffs have passed away while awaiting justice.

A “Suggestion of Death” notice in a lawsuit is a formal legal notification that informs the court and other parties involved in the litigation that a party to the lawsuit has passed away. The notice of death triggers the process of substituting the deceased party with an appropriate representative, usually the executor, personal representative, or administrator of the deceased’s estate and their surviving family members, converting the lawsuit to a survival action and/or wrongful death lawsuit.

November 17, 2023: 351 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

Over the last month, 351 new cases were added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL, bringing the total number of pending cases in the MDL to 6,400. However, roughly half of these pending cases are municipal water contamination claims that have already been settled. The remaining cases are personal injury claims brought by individuals.

November 9, 2023: AFFF Video Update 

Latest video updating AFFF litigation.

November 1, 2023: Parties To Select Cases To Be Included In Bellwether Discovery Pool 

This month, the parties will select the cases included in the bellwether discovery pool for the AFFF personal injury cases. According to Case Management Order 26A (issued last month), the parties have until November 14, 2023, to exchange their proposed lists of plaintiffs who will be selected as bellwether candidates. These plaintiffs will then go through case-specific fact discovery, after which a handful of them will be selected for the actual personal injury bellwether trials.

October 24, 2023: New Study Finds Link Between PFOS And Thyroid Cancer

Individuals with elevated concentrations of a particular PFAS, called linear perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), have a heightened likelihood of being diagnosed with thyroid cancer, as indicated by a study soon to be released in eBioMedicine, a publication of the Lancet. This research found a 56% increased risk of thyroid cancer among those with higher levels of linear PFOS.

October 17, 2023: 111 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

The AFFF class action MDL has surpassed 6,000 after 111 new cases were added to the MDL over the last month. Many of these pending cases involve water contamination claims and have already been resolved by the global settlement deal this summer.

October 5, 2023: New Study Provides Strong Link Between AFFF And Testicular Cancer

This study is the strongest proof yet of the link between testicular cancer and AFFF. We had plenty of evidence already, though. This is like shooting a person who has already been shot five times.

September 21, 2023: Judge Gergel Presides Over Guilty Plea From Alex Murdaugh

Judge Gergel has more on his plate than the AFFF MDL.  Today, he presided over a guilty plea from Alex Murdaugh. Hopefully, next on his agenda is getting AFFF personal injury bellwether trials on a tight schedule.

September 18, 2023: Upcoming Bellwether To Draw From Four Water Utility Lawsuits 

Last week, Judge Gergel informed all involved that the upcoming bellwether cases will draw from four water utility lawsuits stemming from towns in New Jersey, New York, California, and South Dakota. While claims against DuPont, 3M, and Chemours are paused pending settlement approval, companies like Tyco, Daikin, and ACG Chemicals remain unsettled. Lawyers representing plaintiffs will now focus on these cases.

As for the AFFF-related personal injury and wrongful death suit—which is our lawyers’ focus—a bellwether trial schedule is expected soon, possibly this month. Such a schedule is crucial, as it compels defendants to offer more reasonable settlement offers. Lawyers have been discussing the range of cancers to be included in these bellwether trials.

September 8, 2023: New CMO Sets Bellwether Trial Schedule For Telomer Water Contamination Cases

Telomer-based AFFF is a different type of firefighting foam that supposedly does not contain the same high levels of PFAS chemicals. For that reason, the water contamination cases involving Telomer AFFF were not included in last month’s global settlement of the water provider cases. This week, the MDL Judge issued a new Case Management Order setting the bellwether trial schedule for all Telomer water contamination cases. The first Telomer bellwether trial will be in August 2024. The question is what, if any, impact this will have on the timetable for the individual cancer cases in the AFFF MDL.

September 8, 2023: New Video Discussing AFFF Settlement

We put up a new updated video discussing the timing of an AFFF settlement and the average settlement compensation our lawyers think victims will see.

September 1, 2023: Water System Settlements 

The water system settlements are going smoothly. Hopefully, the firefighting foam settlements are next.

August 22, 2023: EPA Press Release Emphasizes Health Concerns Surrounding PFAS Chemicals

Judge Gergel has very progressively asked AFFF lawyers on both sides to report to him on events significant to the litigation.

In a letter to the judge yesterday, plaintiffs’ lawyers submitted information about an EPA press release emphasizing the immediate health concerns surrounding PFAS chemicals. Radhika Fox, the EPA’s Assistant Administrator for Water, stressed in the release that PFAS, dubbed “forever chemicals,” have substantial health risks upon prolonged exposure.  These chemicals, which include PFOA and PFOS, are regarded by the EPA as potential carcinogens with no known safe consumption level.

August 20, 2023: Recent Study Links AFFF To Testicular Cancer

A recent study confirms what AFFF lawyers getting calls from victims have long understood: AFFF may elevate the risk of testicular cancer.

August 19, 2023: Nearly 1,000 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL Over Past Two Months 

Over the last 2 months, almost 1,000 new cases have been added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL. The total number of plaintiffs in the AFFF MDL is now up to 5,614. Many of these are water contamination cases that have already been largely resolved by the recent global settlement.

August 18, 2023: Former Airforce Firefighter Joins AFFF MDL

A new AFFF lawsuit, Jones v. 3M, et al., was directly filed last week in the AFFF MDL in South Carolina against the usual cast of characters.

The plaintiff, a 73-year-old Texas man, was exposed to fluorochemical products during his service as a firefighter with the Air Force. He alleges that he was diagnosed with prostate cancer from AFFF exposure, which has caused Plaintiff to undergo a prostatectomy.

His lawsuit seeks compensation for his pain, suffering, and other damages.

August 16, 2023: Tyco Pushes Judge To Keep Suit Seeking Insurance Coverage

Tyco is pushing the MDL judge to keep its suit seeking insurance coverage related to insurance coverage for AFFF lawsuits in the MDL. In response to four insurers’ attempts to dismiss the case, Tyco asserts the suit was correctly filed in the MDL and jurisdiction is proper in South Carolina.

Tyco’s argument is that its insurance claims are intrinsically tied to the allegations central to the MDL; these companies all do a ton of business in the MDL, and the issues are well understood by the South Carolina federal court.

On this one, we are rooting for Tyco.

August 1, 2023: Judge Grants Unopposed Motion To Substitute Plaintiff 

Judge Gergel granted an unopposed motion to substitute plaintiffs after an Alabama plaintiff died.  His daughter is now the plaintiff in a wrongful death lawsuit.  It is a stark reminder that many plaintiffs in this litigation may never see their settlements.

July 17, 2023: 493 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

493 new cases were transferred into the AFFF class action MDL over the last month. That marks the single highest monthly volume since the litigation began, and it comes on the heels of the recent announcement of a global settlement for the water contamination cases. There are now over 5,000 pending cases in the MDL, but we still don’t know how many of these are water contamination cases versus cancer cases.

July 1, 2023: Total MDL Claims Hits 4,793

Over the last month, 300 more AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits were added to the class action MDL, bringing the total number of claims in the MDL up to 4,793. A total of 1,454 new AFFF cases have been added to the MDL since the start of the year. There is still no easy way of determining how many of these cases are personal injury claims versus municipal water contamination cases.

The good news with the DuPont and 3M settlements is that the focus in the second half of 2023 will shift to military and firefighters AFFF lawsuits.

June 5, 2023: Joint Motion To Delay Trial Granted

Yesterday, the Plaintiff Leadership Committee in the AFFF class action lawsuit and 3M, the biggest defendant, filed a joint motion to delay the trial slated to begin today. The one-page motion says that the parties are engaged in negotiations and are close to resolution, and the attorneys believe that devoting their efforts toward settlement, as opposed to proceeding with trial preparations, is the most advisable course of action. This morning, the MDL Judge granted the motion and gave the parties a 3-week postponement of the trial date. This development follows the recent speculation of a 3M’s offer worth $10 billion to settle the claims made by the municipalities.

This is all well and good for what the municipality claims.  Our focus is on individual victims, and taking a trial to a verdict might be the best thing for those victims who have suffered from AFFF.  But the hope is that payouts in the municipalities’ lawsuits will lead to individual AFFF settlements for firefighters and others suffering from exposure to PFAS.

June 2, 2023: Three Leading Companies To Create Billion Dollar Settlement Fund

Three leading companies, The Chemours Company, DuPont de Nemours, and Corteva, have reached a preliminary agreement to address PFAS-related drinking water claims involving public water systems. Together, they will create a $1.185 billion settlement fund, which will be divided based on their agreed contributions. The settlement is pending the final approval of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina. The deal excludes specific water systems.

May 28, 2023: Environmental Working Group Estimates $30 Billion PFAS Clean Up

A new report from the Environmental Working Group estimates that it will likely cost over $30 billion for the U.S. government to fully clean up the PFAS contamination around over 50 military bases after years of using AFFF firefighting foam during training exercises. If not addressed, the PFAS contamination at these military installations could pollute local water supply systems. So far, however, the Department of Defense has only allocated $1.4 billion to cover the cleanup costs.

May 24, 2023: EPA’s Proposed PFAS Limits To Be Admitted As Evidence 

The EPA’s proposed limits on PFAS in drinking water will be admitted as evidence in the first trial AFFF lawsuit brought by the City of Stuart, Florida. The defendants unsuccessfully attempted to prevent the inclusion of the EPA’s limits, which they argue are provisional and not indicative of the knowledge gained during the production period. This is strong evidence for the jury and increases the likelihood that the first lawsuit to go forward with this class action will result in a successful verdict for the plaintiff.

May 18, 2023: Upcoming AFFF Trial Excludes Bankrupt Kidde-Fenwal Inc.

The upcoming AFFF trial next month won’t include liability claims lodged against Kidde-Fenwal Inc. (KFI). This company previously made PFAS-based firefighting foams as a result of the company’s bankruptcy filing. Judge Richard M. Gergel, who is in charge of the AFFF MDL class action, removed KFI from the trial scheduled for June 5 after the company filed for bankruptcy on May 14. The decision was in line with the standard process, allowing the bankruptcy court to deal with KFI debts.

May 12, 2023: First MDL Test Trial 

The very first test trial in the massive firefighting foam class action MDL will feature the case of City of Stuart v. 3M Co., et al. Stuart is a beach town just north of Jupiter and West Palm Beach on Florida’s Atlantic coast. The city water authority is alleging that PFAS from firefighting foam products made by the defendants (companies such as DuPont and 3M) got into the groundwater and contaminated the city’s water supply. The defendants claim that there is no proof linking Stuart’s water contamination to any of their products. The trial will ask the jury to resolve complex scientific evidence and questions. The outcome will likely be a watershed event for this litigation. A loss could end up forcing the defendants to sue for peace in the form of a multi-billion-dollar global settlement.

May 9, 2023: Defense Files Final List Of Trial Exhibits 

With the opening bellwether trial approaching in the municipal water contamination case brought by the City of Stuart, Florida, the defense filed its final List of Trial Exhibits this week along with its trial brief and list of deposition designations. Last week, the MDL Judge denied a defense motion for summary judgment, ensuring that the bulk of the plaintiffs’ claims in the test trial will be decided by the jury.

May 7, 2023: Numerous Objections Concerning Trial Exhibits 

The first bellwether lawsuit is grinding toward trial.  The latest battlefield is the numerous objections from the parties concerned pertaining to the trial exhibits. A hearing has been set for Friday to address these evidence-related disputes.  The judge wants the players to have to argue the motions. So the court has ordered lead counsel to personally present their arguments for every objection they have raised. This is a good way to narrow down ridiculous objections.

May 2, 2023: NIST Publishes New Research On Presence Of PFAS In Firefighter Equipment 

Yesterday, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) published new research on the presence of PFAS in the equipment used by firefighters, examining 20 different textiles involved in the production of such gear. The findings indicated that each textile contained between one and 17 PFAS, with outer layers showing higher concentrations. This crucial data will enable companies to develop safer gear and contribute to the understanding of whether PFAS can transfer from the equipment into firefighters’ bodies, potentially raising their cancer risk.

The defendants in the AFFF lawsuits should have done this research decades ago before too many firefighters were diagnosed with cancer. Of course, many have initiated legal action against the manufacturers of PFAS and firefighting gear, claiming that the chemicals have either caused or elevated the risk of cancer and other health issues.

May 1, 2023: Deposition And Evidence Submissions Deadline Set 

More hustle and bustle getting ready for trial. The judge ordered that the parties must give their chosen parts of depositions they want to read at trial to the Court by May 8, 2023. They must also give a list of evidence they plan to use in the case by the same date.

April 20, 2023:  CDC Launches National Firefighter Registry For Cancer 

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched the National Firefighter Registry (NFR) for Cancer, urging all firefighters in the United States to enroll. The NFR aims to track and analyze cancer rates among firefighters, which are higher than those of the general public. This initiative is part of President Joe Biden’s “Cancer Moonshot” program and is being managed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The NFR seeks to collect data on the work firefighters do and compare it with cancer information from state cancer registries. It was made mandatory by the Firefighter Cancer Registry Act passed by Congress in 2018. It was not long ago when the factual predicate behind the AFFF lawsuits was considered a hypothesis.  Now, the AFFF cancer risks are an accepted fact.

April 19, 2023: 115 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

Over the past 30 days, 115 new cases have been added to the AFFF firefighting foam class action lawsuit, bringing the total number of cases in the firefighting foam MDL to 4,173. This marks a significant reduction from the previous months, which had seen an average of 300 new cases per month. Talk of settlement could be slowing down some of the new lawsuits  There is no reason to file a lawsuit if you believe the claim will soon settle.

March 30, 2023: AFFF Motions Filled Ahead Of Bellwether Trial 

Thought on the AFFF motions in limine that have been filed ahead of the bellwether AFFF trial.

March 19, 2023: IAFF Files Lawsuit Against National Fire Protection Association

In a lawsuit filed Thursday in Massachusetts state court, the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) accused the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) of imposing a testing standard that required the use of PFAS in firefighter protective gear despite the chemicals’ health risks.  The IAFF is the representative organization for over 334,000 professional emergency responders, including firefighters, paramedics, and dispatchers, in both the United States and Canada. Its members are responsible for safeguarding the lives and property of more than 85 percent of the population on the continent. They serve approximately 6,000 communities located in every state of the United States and in ten provinces and two territories in Canada.

The lawsuit seeks to hold the NFPA liable for not removing the dangerous test from its Standard on Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting.

According to the complaint filed in Massachusetts Superior Court in Norfolk, the NFPA necessitated the use of toxic per and poly-fluoroalkyl substances in the middle moisture barrier layer of firefighters’ bunker gear. The union alleged that the NFPA could have chosen different standards that would have allowed other materials to be used but still protect firefighters. The IAFF said that the chemicals in the bunker gear break down and degrade when exposed to heat, exposing firefighters to PFAS through ingestion, skin contact,  and inhalation and that the toxins have been associated with severe health effects, including cancer.

March 16, 2023: 354 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

354 new cases were added to the firefighting foam class action MDL over the last month. That pushes the MDL past the 4,000 mark, with a total of 4,058 pending cases. It also marks the second month in a row in which the MDL has seen higher than average volume of new filings. The spike in volume could be an indication that lawyers are anticipating a settlement and trying to get cases filed before it happens.

March 7, 2023: Former Marine Files AFFF Lawsuit

A new AFFF firefighter lawsuit was filed this month.  The plaintiff in Kent v. 3M is a 62-year-old Deer Park, Texas, man.  He was exposed to fluorochemical products during his service as a firefighter in the United States Marine Corps. This exposure led to his diagnosis of prostate cancer and subsequent prostatectomy.  His firefighting foam lawsuit alleges he suffered personal injuries, pain, suffering, and emotional distress as the result of his exposure to fluorochemical products.

Plaintiff attorneys filed this complaint in accordance with Case Management Order No. 3, issued by Judge Richard M. Gergel.  Judge Gergel is the AFFF class action lawsuit judge in South Carolina, which houses all federal AFFF suits.  Under this order, the plaintiff designated the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas as the “home venue” for the case. His AFFF lawsuit asks that the case be transferred to the Southern District of Texas because the events or omissions leading to the claim occurred in Texas.

February 17, 2023: 317 New Cases Added To AFFF MDL

Since January 15th, 317 new firefighting foam AFFF lawsuits have been added to the MDL, bringing the total number of pending cases up to 3,704. The monthly average of new cases for this MDL in 2022 was 175, so this month was almost double that. We don’t know how many of these new cases are municipal water contamination cases versus personal injury claims.

February 13, 2022: MDL Judge To Make Critical Ruling On Admissibility Of Scientific Evidence 

The AFFF MDL Judge is set to make critical rulings on Daubert motions challenging the admissibility of scientific evidence in City of Stuart v. 3M Co. et al. (the first bellwether trial set for June). The City of Stuart is a water supply contamination case, not a personal injury case involving claims that exposure to AFFF caused cancer.

However, the Daubert rulings on causation evidence in the City of Stuart will still have some applicability to what scientific evidence will be allowed in AFFF cancer cases. The personal injury cases will participate in a separate bellwether trial program after the water supply trials.

February 8, 2023: 2024 AFFF Litigation Summary 

This post summarizes the AFFF litigation in 2024.

February 3, 2023: Information On Statute Of Limitations

Many victims do not contact us because they believe the statute of limitation deadline to file a lawsuit bars their claim.  They correctly assume that the statute of limitations for filing an AFFF (Aqueous Film-Forming Foam) lawsuit is typically 2-3 years from the date of injury in most states.

But most states have a discovery rule that is critical to extending the deadline to file an AFFF lawsuit. What is the discovery rule?  It is an exception to the statute of limitations that delays its running until the plaintiff knows, or through the exercise of reasonable diligence, should have known, of both the injury and its cause. In other words, the time limit for filing a personal injury lawsuit does not start until the plaintiff becomes aware of the injury and its connection to the defendant’s negligence.

The statute of limitations and discovery rule are complicated, with scores of exceptions. But many victims looking to file an AFFF lawsuit call us believing they likely do not have a claim in 2024 when they absolutely do.

January 24, 2023: Plaintiffs Provide Expert Testimony

Earlier this month, we told you about a motion for dismissal (summary judgment) filed by some defendants in the upcoming AFFF trial.  Some defendants claimed no expert testimony linked their chemicals to the water in that case.  Of course, the plaintiffs responded with expert testimony that does just that.

January 18, 2023: Total AFFF MDL Cases Hits 3,387

Over the last few months, the AFFF firefighting foam class action MDL has been averaging over 100 new cases each month. In the previous month, however, only 49 new cases were transferred into the MDL, bringing the total case count to 3,387. Is the growth of litigation slowing? That is one theory.  But few lawsuits get filed during the holidays, so it is likely just a seasonal slowdown. We will get a better look at where we are trending next month.

January 12, 2023: Occupational Medicine Reports Firefighters 60% More Likely To Die Of Cancer

A new study in the journal Occupational Medicine reports that firefighters are 60% more likely to die of cancer than the general population. The death rate for prostate cancer was four times higher, leukemia was three times higher, and kidney cancer was double the rate in the overall population. The researchers made the obvious point that carcinogenic chemicals in AFFF may be a primary contributing factor.

January 7, 2023: Three Defendants File For Summary Judgement

A group of 3 defendants (Tyco, BASF, and Chemguard Inc.) recently filed Summary Judgment motions seeking to get themselves out of the first bellwether AFFF trial (the City of Stuart v. 3M Co., et al.) before it goes to trial in May 2023.

All three motions argue that there is insufficient evidence to show that their AFFF products were the source of the water contamination in the Stuart municipal water supply. In support of this argument, each motion points out that none of the plaintiff’s expert witnesses specifically named any of the defendants’ products.

There are a lot of defendants in these cases; some will get out on summary judgment before trial.

November 1, 2022: Retired Judge Layn Phillips Appointed Settlement Mediator

With the first bellwether trial set for 2024, a court-appointed settlement mediator has now been assigned to “facilitate and encourage” global settlement discussions between both sides. The mediator, retired judge Layn Phillips, will face a complex task given that the AFFF litigation involves cancer claims by individual firefighters and claims by local municipalities for contamination of the water supply.

An AFFF settlement will be a Herculean task because of the different types of claims—some are individual, and some are entire communities.  Additional defendants will also have different views of what an appropriate AFFF settlement should look like.  But there is the possibility of some AFFF settlements from this effort, which would be in everyone’s best interest. Let’s see how these AFFF settlement talks go.  The water contamination cases are likely to settle first. Why? Because those cases have the first trial date.

Firefighting Foam (AFFF) Class Action Lawsuit

Aqueous film-forming foam (“AFFF”) is used to extinguish fires and is commonly referred to as firefighting foam. It was recently discovered that prolonged use or exposure to certain chemicals in AFFF firefighting foam can cause cancer. Anyone regularly exposed to firefighting foam and subsequently diagnosed with kidney, pancreatic, prostate, or testicular cancer may be able to file an AFFF firefighting foam lawsuit and get financial compensation.

All AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits in federal courts have been consolidated into a “class action” MDL in the District of South Carolina. As of August 2022, over 2,500 plaintiffs with firefighting foam cancer lawsuits are pending in the AFFF MDL. After bellwether test trials, the AFFF class action MDL will hopefully end in a global settlement.

AFFF Firefighting Foam Causes Cancer

AFFF (“aqueous film-forming foam”) is a sprayable foam specifically designed to extinguish high-intensity fires fueled by accelerants such as gasoline. The active chemicals in AFFF firefighting foam belong to a family of chemicals known as PFAS (poly-fluoroalkyl substances).

PFAS are a unique group of chemicals that are highly resistant to extreme heat and are not broken down by oil or water. Unfortunately, their indestructible nature means that they do not biodegrade or break down in the environment. These substances are marked by several extraordinarily robust and enduring carbon-fluorine bonds. PFAS are often referred to as “forever chemicals”  because of their remarkable persistence in the environment and strong resistance to both metabolic and environmental degradation.

Over the last decade, an emerging body of scientific research has established that chronic exposure to PFAS in firefighting foam can cause certain types of cancer. The Environmental Protection Agency published a health advisory in 2016 noting that animal studies showed that prolonged exposure to PFAS resulted in kidney and testicular cancer.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) conducted several studies that found that human exposure to PFAS results in a significantly increased kidney, prostate, and testicular cancer rate.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Cancer Society have reached the same conclusion, listing the chemicals in AFFF firefighting foam as human carcinogens.

Exposure to AFFF Firefighting Foam and PFAS

Anyone regularly exposed to AFFF firefighting foam over long periods is potentially at risk of developing cancer from PFAS. Chronic exposure to PFAS in AFFF firefighting foam can occur in two ways: (1) occupational exposure to AFFF and (2) PFAS contamination in drinking water.

Occupational AFFF Exposure

Individuals who worked in specific jobs or professions where AFFF firefighting foam was regularly used (either by themselves directly or by people around them) have what is considered “occupational exposure” to PFAS from firefighting foam.

Firefighters who regularly used AFFF or conducted training exercises with AFFF firefighting foam are the most obvious examples of individuals with occupational exposure and represent most of the victims in the AFFF class action lawsuit.

Since the late 1960s or early 1970s, the U.S. military has deployed MilSpec AFFF at military bases, airfields, and Navy vessels. These are places where fuel fires are not just possible but likely and potentially catastrophic. The military uses this substance to train its personnel, extinguish fires, save lives, and safeguard property, but the people using these products did not know they were being exposed to Per- and polyfluoroalkyl chemicals present in AFFF.

Beyond the military, other individuals who might have had occupational exposure to AFFF firefighting foam include those working in environments where AFFF was used extensively, disposed of, or even produced. For instance, commercial airports, where fuel fires are a common risk, frequently use firefighting foam during safety and emergency response training exercises. Similarly, industrial facilities, especially those dealing with flammable substances, also regularly use AFFF as part of their fire safety protocols.

Groundwater PFAS Exposure

The other category of people with chronic exposure to PFAS from AFFF firefighting foam would be individuals who consumed drinking water contaminated with PFAS. Hundreds and possibly thousands, of residential areas across the country had groundwater highly contaminated with PFAS from firefighting foam.

Many residential locations with groundwater contaminated by PFAS are near military bases or airports where AFFF firefighting foam was regularly used. The PFAS in the firefighting foam eventually seeped through the soil and entered the water table.

Cancers Caused by AFFF Firefighting Foam

Scientific research has determined that chronic exposure to AFFF firefighting foam (both occupational exposure and groundwater contamination exposure) can cause increased rates of specific types of cancer. The types of cancer that have been linked to AFFF exposure include:

  • Kidney cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Liver Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Leukemia (and other blood cancers)
  • Prostate cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Of this list, the most common cancers we see from victims looking to bring an AFFF lawsuit are testicular, kidney, and prostate.  But people exposed to foam containing perfluoroalkyl and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have reported a wide range of cancers that go beyond the types of cancer we have listed.

Individuals who can prove that they were exposed to chemicals in AFFF firefighting foam and subsequently developed one of these cancer types may be able to bring an AFFF lawsuit and get financial compensation.

How Many Plaintiffs Are in the AFFF Class Action Lawsuit?

There are now approximately 9,200 pending lawsuits in the AFFF (firefighting foam) class action MDL-2873 as of February 2024.

Some of these cases are municipal water contamination cases, and some are individual personal injury cases brought by former firefighters alleging they developed cancer from exposure. We don’t know the exact number of cases in each category because that has not been tracked. But at this point, most of the cases are personal injury or wrongful death claims from firefighting foam.

Who Are the Defendants in AFFF Firefighting Foam Lawsuits?

The defendants named in the AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits are companies that manufactured and sold AFFF products. Firefighting foam has been manufactured and sold by a variety of different companies. DuPont and 3M were two of the biggest manufacturers of AFFF firefighting foam and are vital defendants in the current AFFF lawsuits.

Evidence has been uncovered that by the 1970s, manufacturers like 3M, DuPont, and others were already very aware that the PFAS in their AFFF products were potentially toxic to the environment. Moreover, these companies became aware in the 1990s that these chemicals were harmful to humans and that long-term exposure might be linked to cancer.

Settlement Amounts for AFFF Firefighting Foam Lawsuits

The AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits will eventually be resolved in a mass tort global settlement. In these types of settlements, the defendants contribute a large sum of money into a settlement fund to pay settlement awards to individual plaintiffs who agree to accept the settlement.

The amount of settlement compensation received by individual plaintiffs is based on a tiered ranking system. Plaintiffs with the most robust AFFF cancer cases are ranked in the top tier and receive the highest settlement payouts. Plaintiffs with weaker claims are ranked in lower tiers and receive less compensation.

In the AFFF lawsuits, the top settlement tier will probably be for plaintiffs with long-term occupational exposure to AFFF and diagnosis with one of the more dangerous cancer types that have been linked to AFFF (e.g., kidney cancer, testicular cancer, thyroid disease, and ulcerative colitis). AFFF plaintiffs in lower settlement tiers would include people with less occupational exposure or a diagnosis of less severe types of cancer.  We think the cancer cases will have the highest settlement values.

Based on settlement payouts in prior mass tort cases involving cancer, our lawyers predict that AFFF firefighting foam cases in the top settlement tier will have average settlement amounts of $300,000 to $600,000. Our estimated value for 2nd-tier cases is $150,000 to $280,000. In some cases, the third tier may end up with settlement payouts of $75,000 or less.

It is important to remember that these are predictions, not guaranteed future AFFF settlement ranges for individual claims.  We try hard to make the best settlement predictions that we can. But anyone who thinks they know when and how much AFFF settlements will be is kidding themselves.

Hopefully, we will know what the AFFF settlement offers will look like sooner rather than later. There is speculation of a settlement, at least with some of the defendants, in the first half of 2024.

AFFF settlement value

Are You Eligible to Bring an AFFF Firefighting Foam Lawsuit?

Our mass tort attorneys are currently seeking AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits. For our law firm, eligible plaintiffs meet two essential criteria:

  • AFFF Exposure: eligible plaintiffs will need to be able to show that they were regularly exposed to PFAS from AFFF firefighting foam in an occupational setting (e.g., firefighter, airport worker, etc.) or from contaminated groundwater.
  • Cancer Diagnosis: plaintiffs who can prove that they were exposed to AFFF for extended periods will also need to show that they were subsequently diagnosed with one of the cancers linked to PFAS: kidney, testicular, prostate, pancreatic, liver, bladder, ovarian, etc.

AFFF Firefighting Foam Class Action Lawyers

Many people exposed to AFFF are filing lawsuits against the companies that made the foam. The lawsuits claim that the companies knew about the health risks but continued to sell the foam anyway. The lawsuits argue that the companies should be held responsible for the harm that AFFF has caused.

Miller & Zois is currently accepting new AFFF firefighting foam cases in all 50 states. Every case has a potential statute of limitations issue. So act now. Contact our AFFF class action lawyers today to get your case started. Call 800-553-8082 or get a free online consultation.


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